Sharding is a database partitioning concept that is used to make databases more efficient. An organization’s network can be separated into smaller partitions which are known as “shards.” Each shard has its own distinctive and independent data when compared to other shards.
Sharding is a technique used to optimize the data stored and process it quickly and efficiently. It is a horizontal partitioning of a database, thereby separating the load on a single database and make it more efficient. Each shard is stored in a separate server instance. It helps achieve latency-free scalability by spreading the network workload into shards and enabling more transactions to be processed.