Open-source software developers make software available for free, hoping users will then pay for add-ons like enterprise-grade features or tech support. Programmers can modify, share or create new applications from the underlying source code without paying licensing fees. Android is an example of open-source software as are the Linux operating systems, the Firefox browser, the platform that supports digital currency Ether and the Python computer language.
The World Wide Web was born in 1989 — as a formless, borderless entity for information sharing. A digital commons for all, the Web has since nurtured the world’s most valuable companies: Apple, Microsoft, Alphabet, and Amazon have all hit the trillion-dollar mark. But the digital awakening of the Web has also roused unintended effects: cyberattacks are now the norm, while privacy is not. Inequality and disaffection are at all-time-highs. How did the Web contribute to these phenomena? And how should we reshape the Web into a more positive force? The key answer surfaces as we view the Web as a sentient digital being.