Across the planet, new technologies and business models are decentralizing power and placing it in the hands of communities and individuals.
“We are seeing technology-driven networks replacing bureacratically-driven hierarchies,” says VC and futurist Fred Wilson, speaking on what to expect in the next ten years. View the entire 25-minute video below (it’s worth it!) and then check out the 21 innovations below.
1. Open Garden (mesh)
2. Commotion Router (mesh)
3. Twister (P2P alternative social network)
4. The Edison (wearable chip)
5. BitCloud (autonomous Internet)
6. The Internet of Things
7. WunderBar (starter kit)
8. The Wireless Registry
9. Dot-Bit (autonomous Internet)
11. Ethereum (crytp ledger)
12. Smart Contracts
13. Smart Property
14. P2P Payments
15. P2P Lending
16. Crowdsourcing Civic Engagement
17. Civic Crowdfunding
18. Decentralized Urban Farming
19. Farm Hack
20. MOOCS and Online Learning Platforms
21. Coming Soon: Identify, Trust and Data
This four-part book is focused on programming techniques and technologies that in the author’s opinion can help next generation web applications handle data more “intelligently”. The code samples are implemented in Ruby (and a little bit of Java).
PORTLAND, OREGON — One guy is wearing his Google Glass. Another showed up in an HTML5 t-shirt. And then there’s the dude who looks like the Mad Hatter, decked out in a top hat with an enormous white flower tucked into the brim.
At first, they look like any other gaggle of tech geeks. But then you notice that one of them is Ward Cunningham, the man who invented the wiki, the tech that underpins Wikipedia. And there’s Kevin Marks, the former vice president of web services at British Telecom. Oh, and don’t miss Brad Fitzpatrick, creator of the seminal blogging site LiveJournal and, more recently, a coder who works in the engine room of Google’s online empire.
Packed into a small conference room, this rag-tag band of software developers has an outsized digital pedigree, and they have a mission to match. They hope to jailbreak the internet.
As technology advances quickly, so do security concerns. It stands to reason that new technologies open up new vulnerabilities. But open source is working to combat those challenges in an agile and cost-effective way. Read the latest on the topic in IT World Canada in their story, “Open-Source Project Aims to Secure Cloud Storage.”
The article begins:
“The open source software project named Crypton is working on a solution that would enable developers to easily create encrypted cloud-based collaboration environments. There are very few cloud services that offer effective encryption protection for data storage, according to Crypton. Security has always been the top concern for many enterprise organizations when it comes to cloud services and applications.”
It is reasonable that enterprises are concerned about security when it comes to cloud services and storage. For that reason, many prefer on-site hosting and storage. However, some open source companies, like LucidWorks, build value-added solutions on top of open source software and guarantee security as well as support and training. And while LucidWorks offers on-site hosting as well, those who venture into the Cloud can have the best of both worlds with cost-effective open source software and the support of an industry leader.
Swarm Economy: There is a bitcoin craze at the moment, with prices of bitcoin skyrocketing. Bitcoin is still far from ready for prime time, but as it matures, it will change society’s fundamental operations much more than the Internet did. The net, after all, only allowed people to talk and shop more efficiently. By comparison, bitcoin eradicates the government’s ability to operate.
Let’s begin by looking at what a bitcoin is. It is money. It is a new form of money that isn’t issued by a government. Governments don’t have a monopoly on coming up with things you can trade and barter with, and bitcoin is one such non-governmental barter instrument. The difference between bitcoin and all other such tokens of value that have been invented over the years is that nobody is in control of the money supply, and nobody is in control of the money flow. This means that nobody can start the printing presses to eradicate your savings, and nobody can seize or see your wealth or income. You can think of it as an open-source currency compared to proprietary, state-issued currencies.
There is no central bank. This is a revolutionary concept. People can trade cash at a distance without going through an intermediary. The first time you send the value of a cup of coffee to a friend in India on a Sunday, without any transaction fees, and they have the money instantly, without anybody but you knowing of the transaction, your jaw drops.
The goal of the W3C Semantic Web Education and Outreach group’s Linking Open Data community project is to extend the Web with a data commons by publishing various open datasets as RDF on the Web and by setting RDF links between data items from different data sources. In October 2007, datasets consisted of over two billion RDF triples, which were interlinked by over two million RDF links.
Phi Beta Iota: Wikipedia has its limitations. This is not a very old idea as they suggest, but rather an extraordinary new idea, word-level linking. Doug Engelbart’s Open Hyperdocument system (OHS) and Pierre Levy’s Internet Economy Meta Language (IEML) are related ideas. What this huge new idea does is go beyond the “thing” to provide its attributes in Resource Description Framework (RDF). The attributes that are of interest from a public intelligence point of view are those of “true cost” — time, space, energy, water, child labor, tax avoidance, etcetera. Hence, each datum will be “context aware” and a specific item from a specific company will know where it is in time and space, its costs to date, and its projected costs into the future, all in relation to the specifics of its being.
Linked Open Data is a developing set of principles for publishing re-usable data sets that work at Internet scale. In this session we will explore the progress made by libraries, archives, and museums towards sharing descriptions of their resources as linked data. We will also review emerging digital humanities projects that are exploring linked data and consider the available opportunities for local digital humanities projects.
Richard Urban, Assistant Professor in the School of Library and Information Science, will lead our discussion. Richard has extensive experience researching large-scale cultural heritage aggregations and metadata. In January 2013, he will lead a week-long workshop on Linked Data at the Digital Humanities Winter Institute.